What Is….?

This section is to briefly explain certain terms. It is a small part as this is not really the point of the website and many other places better describe and provide support for them.


Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder that people can develop following the experience or witnessing of a life threatening event. There are 3 main types of symptoms:

  1. Re-experiencing the traumatic event
  2. Avoiding reminders of the trauma
  3. Increased anxiety and emotional arousal

More specifically within these categories are symptoms of flashbacks (see below), losing interest in activities and life in general, feeling detached from others and emotionally numb whilst having a feeling of a limited future. Sufferers can also experience difficultly with sleep, outbursts of anger and feeling jumpy and hypervigilant (always on alert).


Flashbacks are a symptom of PTSD and fall in to the first category above and are essentially memories of the trauma that happen in the current moment. They can take many forms including pictures, sounds, smells and body sensations and are extremely scary and debilitating when they happen.

Panic Attack

According to the NHS website, a panic attack occurs when your body experiences a rush of intense psychological and physical symptoms. These include an overwhelming sense of fear, apprehension and anxiety. As well as these feelings, physical symptoms such as nausea, sweating, heart palpitations can be experienced. Panic attacks are very frightening and intense and cannot be under estimated in their impact.


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